Custom Search

Management of a case of scrotal pain and swelling testis

A 5 year old presents to your office complaining of scrotal pain and you note swelling of the left testis. Appropriate management at this time includes
  • A) continued observation
  • B) elevation of the scrotum and ice therapy
  • C) ultrasound evaluation
  • D) doppler stethoscope evaluation
  • E) CT scan of the pelvis

The answer is C. 
Testicular torsion should be suspected in patients who complain of acute scrotal pain and swelling. Torsion of the testis is a surgical emergency because the likelihood of testicular damage increases as the duration of torsion increases.

Associated conditions that may resemble testicular torsion, such as torsion of a testicular appendage, epididymitis, trauma, hernia, hydrocele, varicocele, and Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura, in general do not require immediate surgical intervention. Testicular torsion is most common in neonates and postpubertal boys, although it can occur in males of any age. Henoch-Schonlein purpura and torsion of a testicular appendage typically occur in prepubertal boys, whereas epididymitis most often develops in postpubertal boys.

The cause of an acute scrotum can usually be made based on a careful history, a thorough physical examination and appropriate diagnostic tests. The onset, character, and severity of symptoms must be determined. The physical examination should include inspection and palpation of the abdomen, testis, epididymis, scrotum, and inguinal region. Urinalysis should always be performed. Scrotal imaging with Doppler color flow ultrasound is necessary when the diagnosis remains unclear. Once the correct diagnosis is established, prompt surgical evaluation should be performed.
A “spectacle” view of both testes with colour Doppler ultrasound

Popular Posts