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Azithromycin is the treatment of choice for Bordetella pertussis

Which of the following medications is considered the treatment of choice for Bordetella pertussis infection?
  • A) Penicillin
  • B) Ciprofloxacin
  • C) Azithromycin
  • D) Tetracycline
  • E) Cefuroxime

Answer and Discussion
Recent epidemiologic studies have shown that the incidence and prevalence of Bordetella pertussis infection in adults are much greater than previously reported. In studies of adults with chronic cough, 20% to 25% were found to have serologic evidence of recent B. pertussis infection. However, pertussis is rarely considered in adults because the signs and symptoms are nonspecific.

Apart from a prolonged cough, there are no specific symptoms suggestive of pertussis in older individuals who have been immunized. With this in mind, pertussis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of persistent cough in previously immunized children and adults.

-Administration of erythromycin or other macrolide (azithromycin or clarithromycin) may be a consideration in patients presenting with persistent cough. Prophylaxis of exposed persons before culture or serologic results are available would be another consideration. Early treatment with a macrolide should limit the spread of infection to persons whose immunity has waned or in unimmunized children. The acellular vaccine may allow booster immunization, which can be a method of preventing B. pertussis infection after immunity from the pertussis vaccination has waned.
So;The answer is C.

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